Preconception health to avoid birth complications.

preconception health to avoid birth complicationsIt’s very important to check whether your body is ready for pregnancy or not. If you get pregnant when your body isn’t ready, then you might face few complications during pregnancy.

 

If you’re planning to get pregnant, being on a healthy, balanced diet would help you stay fit throughout pregnancy and it would also be good for the health of your baby.

  • Eat starchy foods like rice, bread, potatoes, pasta.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables.
  • Fiber is also good, so eat oats, beans, peas, lentils.
  • Overeating is not required. Normal 2,000 calories are good enough.
  • Don’t skip breakfast.
  • Avoid foods such as fried foods, pastry, biscuits, pies, and cakes that contain saturated bad fats.

pre-conception supplements

If you are preparing your body for pregnancy, eating a healthy well-balanced diet would do the job. You can also go for prenatal vitamins. Consult your doctor first if you have any medical condition

Usually folic acid is the only extra supplement doctors recommend for pregnancy.

 

Prepare in advance for these common conditions that can cause complications during pregnancy:

  • Anemia
  • Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Infections.

 

Anemia

Anemia means that you have a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in your body. A hemoglobin (Hb) 11 g/dL or hematocrit of <33% can be considered okay. If you have anemia, you may feel more tired and weak than usual, and you may have pale skin. Taking a well-balanced diet is very important if you are anemic. You can also go for supplements of iron and folic acid before your pregnancy.

After pregnancy, it’s not easy to treat anemia. As normal pregnancy increases iron requirement by 2–3 fold and folate requirement by 10–20 fold. So, having a good diet after pregnancy may help but won’t increase your hemoglobin much because of the increased iron and folate requirement by the body. Also, iron supplements can cause nausea and vomiting to pregnants suffering from anemia. Severe anemia during pregnancy increases your risk of premature birth, having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression.

There are various treatments for anemia during pregnancy, like intravenous iron therapy, blood transfusion etc. But…as they say…precaution is better than cure.

So, check your hemoglobin level (RBC) before trying to get pregnant. The hemoglobin level should be at least 11g/dL when you get pregnant

High Blood Pressure

There is a higher risk of having complications, like preeclampsia, if you have high blood pressure. The risk of premature birth or preterm delivery is higher. It also increases the risk of having a baby who’s small. 

Making simple lifestyle changes. Such as getting more exercise and eating a more balanced diet. It can help prevent high blood pressure.

Do the followings to keep down your blood pressure:

  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Lower your salt intake
  • Eating a healthy balanced diet
  • Avoiding processed foods
  • Exercise regularly
  • Stop smoking cigarettes
  • Quit alcohol and illegal drugs.
  • Don’t stress

Also, check your blood pressure regularly.

 

Diabetes:

Gestational diabetes may affect your pregnancy and the baby’s health. It’s because of high blood sugar

To control gestational diabetes, eat a well-balanced diet, and exercise regularly. When you control your blood sugar, you can keep you and your baby healthy and prevent complications.

 

Infections:

Complications can also occur because of infections (such as bacterial, viral, parasitic)

It can be harmful to both the mother and the baby. So it’s important to treat it right away. Some common examples of infections include:

  1. A yeast infection.
  2. Influenza.
  3. A urinary tract infection.
  4. Bacterial vaginosis.
  5. Hepatitis B virus.
  6. Zika virus.
  7. Toxoplasmosis, which is an infection caused by a parasite found in cat feces, soil, and raw meat.

Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications.

Read our next post for “How to get pregnant faster”

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Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications  Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications  Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications  Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications  Preconception Health to Avoid Birth complications

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