Early signs of pregnancy: Signs and symptoms of pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy

The surest way to know that you are pregnant is by taking a pregnancy test, a few days after a missed period.

However, there are symptoms that may point to the possibility of pregnancy.

A few of the common early pregnancy symptoms are like Nausea, Mild cramping, light spotting, fatigue, breast and nipple changes, sensitivity to smell, etc.

Some women experience these symptoms within days after conception, and some women take a longer time to experience these signs of pregnancy. Some may not experience any of these symptoms.




Timeline of Pregnancy Signs and symptoms: Table of content
Week Symptoms
4th Missed period
3rd or 4th Mild cramping, Light spotting, Swollen breast
4th or 5th                  Fatigue, Nausea, Bloating
4th to 6h Temperature changes, frequent urination
5th or 6th Motion sickness, Mood swings
8th or 9th High blood pressure, Heartburn
8th to 10th        Faster heartbeat, Extreme fatigue
11th Breast changes, Weight gain
12th Pregnancy glow


Light spotting and cramping during early pregnancy.

During early pregnancy when everything is at a cellular level, The fertilized egg creates a fluid-filled group of cells (Known as a blastocyst) which would develop into the baby’s organs and body parts.

During this stage, the blastocyst will implant in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus which may result in implantation bleeding. This bleeding is usually mistaken for a light period.

Implantation bleeding may last for two to three days with mild or severe pain. It doesn’t.t require any medical attention. Color may be red, brown or pink.

Smoking, using drugs, and drinking alcohol are associated with heavy bleeding. So, avoid these if you are expecting.



Missed period.

During early pregnancy, your body will produce HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) when implantation is done. HCG helps to maintain pregnancy. HCG also communicates the ovaries to not release eggs during pregnancy. It’s the HCG level that is detected in the urine test to confirm the pregnancy.

Take a home pregnancy test after a week of missed period.

If you are pregnant, call your doctor for a prenatal appointment.

Breast changes: Swollen and aching.

Changes in hormones may result in growing your breast size and breast pain for the first two weeks after conception.

Changes in breast and Nipple may also occur around 11th week. 

Get a maternity bra to comfort your breast.

Breast pads may be comforting if you are experiencing pain on your nipples.



It’s normal in pregnancy to feel very tired.

Although it can develop any time during pregnancy, it’s common in early pregnancy.

It’s because of the high level of progesterone hormone or lower blood pressure or blood sugar.

It’s important to get enough sleep.

Eat foods that are rich in protein and iron.


Mood swing

Changes in mood during early pregnancy

The level of estrogen and progesterone hormones increases when you conceive.
These changes in hormone levels can result in mood swings. During this time you may feel depressed, euphoria, anxiety, and easily irritated.


Nausea and morning sickness.

Nausea and morning sickness can occur at any time of the day during pregnancy, but most commonly in the morning.

Pregnant women suffering from anemia experience morning sickness more than others.

For anemic, taking iron supplements or foods that are rich in iron might result in nausea.

Also, women may experience food cravings or can’t stand certain foods after getting pregnant.

Drink plenty of water and eat a few saltine crackers in the morning to deal with morning sickness.





Smell sensitivity

Smell sensitivity is also a sign of early pregnancy experienced by a lot of women. It may be a reason for nausea and vomiting. So, It would be higher during the first trimester of pregnancy


If you are pregnant, you may have only one of these symptoms or you may have it all. But, if any of these symptoms become bothersome, consult your doctor.


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